National Library of Estonia
June 13–16

Friday June 15 2018

  • 13.00–15.00
    WALKING TOUR: Dome Church and 18th/19th Century Dwellings in Toompea
    For centuries, Toompea – or the Upper Old Town – was the stronghold of local nobility which consisted mostly of German and Swedish knights' families. The most influential of them were buried in the Cathedral of Saint Mary the Virgin or the Dome Church. The stone church was established sometime before 1233 and has been repeatedly rebuilt since. The vaulted main body of the present church dates to the 14th century, while its Baroque tower is an addition from the late 1770s. The interior of the medieval building also belongs to the Baroque era, with the high altar (1696) and the pulpit (1686) made by woodcarver Christian Ackermann. The church is filled with elaborate coats of arms from the 17th to the 20th centuries, as well as burial stones from the 13th to the 18th centuries. In 1684, Toompea suffered the most devastating fire in its history. This and several other fires are the reason why Toompea, with its 18th and 19th century representative dwellings of noble families, looks architecturally different and newer compared to the Lower Old Town.