Sunday June 17 2018
- 09.00–15.00North Estonian Manors
The tour visits three remarkable manors in Northern Estonia: Palmse and Sagadi manors with late 18th century main buildings and Vihula manor that was built during the 19th century as it now appears. There are hundreds of preserved historical manors in Estonia that were built after the Livonian War in the 16th century left the medieval strongholds in ruins. Most of the manors were knight manors (Rittergut in German) of Baltic German nobility who kept their rights and privileges after the Russians conquered Estonian territory in the Northern War in 1710. The 18th and 19th centuries were the heyday of manors in Estonia. One of the reasons behind the growth of manors was distilling, as it became one of the prime sectors of manor economy when the Russian market was opened in 1766. In the Soviet period, the study of manorial ensembles in Estonia became an extensive area of research and one of the main domains of restoration activity in the 1970s and 1980s. Postmodernist nostalgia for the past favoured a reconstruction boom. Palmse and Sagadi manors are particularly good examples of heritage practices of the late Soviet period that, in addition to documented studies and conservation projects, used analogy and phantasy as methods.